All Posts By

Jennifer Martinez


What Happens if You Ignore a California PPO?

By | Carls Bail Bonds

Personal protection orders (PPO) are issued when one person approaches the court and shows a judge why they are afraid of someone else. If a PPO is issued against you, you aren’t allowed to have any contact with the person who arranged for the PPO. The order will also restrict you from getting within a specific distance of the individual who is concerned about you.

The purpose of a personal protection order is to prevent you from harassing, abusing, stalking, or even having any direct contact with the person who filed for the order. Once the PPO has been issued, you must obey it, even if the individual who filed for the PPO made up the things they said about. Obey everything that the PPO says you can and can’t do. The time to argue about the validity of the issues brought up in the PPO is in court when a judge can hear both sides of the argument, look at the evidence, and decide if the PPO was unjust.

Failing to follow the rules laid out in a PPO has legal consequences. It’s considered contempt of court.

California’s Penal Code 166(a) (4) outlines contempt of court in California.

A contempt of court charge when it pertains to a PPO is handled like most charges in California. You’ll be arrested at which point your case starts crawling through the local court system. If you don’t take a plea deal or plead guilty, the case will go to court. In court, the prosecution must prove that:

  • The PPO was valid
  • That you knew and understood the PPO
  • That you deliberately and willfully violated the PPO

If you’re convicted of violating the PPO, you could be sentenced to a year in county jail. It’s likely you’ll also face additional charges.


Driving Without Auto Insurance in California

By | Bail Bonds In Visalia, Carls Bail Bonds

It’s expected that if you’re going to own and operate a vehicle in California, it’s properly insured. The amount of insurance you have that covers your own car is usually left up to you, but the state requires that you at least carry limited liability insurance so anyone else who is involved in the accident is protected.

The issue of car insurance in California is addressed in Vehicle Code Section 16029.

One of the interesting things about California is that while most drivers have auto insurance, other forms of financial responsibility that are legally acceptable while operating a vehicle in California include:

  • A self-insurance certificate that’s issued by the DMV
  • A surety bond for $35,000
  • Proof of a cash deposit with the DMV of $35,000

If you’re pulled over and can’t present the traffic officer with one of these things, you are driving without insurance.

The first time you’re caught driving without insurance, you’ll receive a citation and have to pay a $100 fine. Additional fees connected to the citation mean your out-of-pocket expenses will be $450, and that’s just for not having insurance. It’s likely that whatever prompted the officer to pull you over, such as running a stop sign or speeding, will also result in a second costly infraction.

The second time you’re caught driving without insurance, the infraction increase to $200-$500, and in some cases, the additional total fees and penalty assessments can add up to as much as $2,500.

The ticket and massive penalties probably won’t be your only problem. Since an uninsured vehicle can’t operate in California, it’s highly likely that the police will have your car impounded. The only way you’ll get it back is if you pay the towing bill and impound fees. Unless you’re planning on having the vehicle towed back to your house, the impound lot will request to see your proof of insurance before the release of your vehicle.

Getting a ticket for not having auto insurance when you’re pulled over is bad, but it’s nothing compared to what happens if you’re in a car accident when you don’t have insurance. Not only will you be issued an expensive ticket, but it’s also highly likely that you’ll be named the defendant of a civil suit. Since you didn’t have any insurance at the time of the accident, if you lose the civil case, you’ll be responsible for paying the entire settlement.

Yes, car insurance is expensive and it can be hard to fit into the monthly budget, but considering the possible consequences, it’s something you should have if you’re driving.




The California Privacy Rights Act is Coming

By | Bail Bonds In Visalia, Carls Bail Bonds

On January 1, 2023, the California Privacy Rights Act (CPRA) becomes fully effective. This could change things for some California businesses. 

The CPRA was originally passed by popular vote in 2021. More than 56% of the voters who took part in the November election were in favor of the new law. Concerns about privacy, identity theft, and the exploitation of personal data led to the creation of the project. The way the law stands, once it goes into effect, it will serve as a continuation of the California Consumer Privacy Act.

What the CPRA does is:

  • Create some new definitions of privacy and what is considered private information
  • Expand upon consumer rights

Creating the California Privacy Protection Agency (CPPA)

The biggest change connected to the CPRA is the CPPA. This is an agency that exists solely for the purpose of making sure that businesses are honoring the letter of the law when it comes to the rights of California’s citizens.

Once the CPRA goes into effect, California residents will be able to:

Request the correction of any inaccurate information which businesses are required to change the inaccurate information whenever commercially possible

  • To make sure the collected information is minimized as much as commercially possible
  • Be notified whenever a business has a plan to use sensitive personal information 
  • Request that the business refrain from sharing the sensitive personal information

In addition to providing California residents with some new rights, the CPRA also expanded on some of the rights created by the CPRA, rights that some residents didn’t know they were entitled to.

The expanded rights include:

  • Opt out of having their personal information shared with a third party
  • The ability to pursue a civil case against any business that shares extremely sensitive information, particularly passwords and account numbers
  • The right to see exactly what personal information the business is sharing

When the CPRA goes into effect, it will impact businesses that:

  • Have a gross annual revenue that exceeds $25 million
  • Handles the private information of at least 100,000 California residents
  • Uses the sale of private information for at least 50% of the annual revenue

It will be interesting to see if additional steps will be taken that will make it even harder for California businesses to buy and sell personal information.


Dangers of Parental Kidnapping In California

By | Bail Bonds In Visalia, Carls Bail Bonds

Most people worry about the possibility of their child being kidnapped from the park or shopping mall. While these things do happen, most kidnapping cases don’t involve strangers but are actually parental kidnappings. According to Safe, at Last, more than 90% of all reported kidnappings are the result of parental kidnapping.

The U.S. Department of Justice states, “Parental kidnapping” occurs when a non-custodial parent takes possession of his/her child in order to prevent the custodial parent from having any contact with the child.”

One of the scary things about parental kidnappings is that while it seems like it’s preferable to a child being taken by a stranger, there are often long-lasting side effects. We’re only just starting to understand that the children who are abducted by their parents often experience psychological and emotional trauma. The Justice Department states that victims of parental kidnappings experience:

  • Poor nutrition
  • Neglect
  • A lack of consistent schooling
  • Unstable lifestyle

One of the mistakes many parents make is assuming that because they are the child’s parents, they won’t be charged with kidnapping. That’s not the case at all. If you’re a non-custodial parent and take your child without permission, you can be charged with kidnapping in California.

In California, kidnapping, including parental kidnapping is defined in Penal Code 207 PC.

According to California law, you can be charged with kidnapping when you, “forcibly, or by any other means of instilling fear, steals or takes, or holds, detains, or arrests any person in this state, and carries the person into another country, state, or county, or into another part of the same county.”

Whether you’re a parent, a family friend, or a stranger to the child, all kidnapping charges are felonies. If you’re convicted you can be sentenced to as long as 8 years in prison. If the victim is a child or is an adult who is injured/killed during the kidnapping, you can be sentenced to life in prison.

In addition to straight kidnapping, you can also be charged with aggravated kidnapping in California. Kidnapping is upgraded to aggravated kidnapping if force, fear, or fraud is used to move a child who is less than 14 years old. Other things that can trigger aggravated kidnapping charges include:

  • Demanding a ransom
  • If the victim is grievously injured
  • If the kidnapping was part of a carjacking

There are instances where a parental kidnapping turned out to be a breakdown in communication. The best way to make sure that doesn’t happen is by communicating clearly with the other parent, writing down any dates involved when you’ll have the child that isn’t part of the original custody agreement, and double-checking everything.




How to Report a Crime in California

By | Bail Bonds In Visalia, Carls Bail Bonds

You’ve seen a crime happen. Now you’re in a bind. Are you legally required to report the crime? Who should you report the crime to? How do you even go about reporting a crime? How long do you have to report the crime? It’s amazing how much stress simply being an innocent bystander can cause.

Are You Legally Required to Report a Crime?

The answer to whether you’re legally required to report a crime is both yes and no.

In most cases, the State of California is happy to let you decide whether you should report the crime. Failure to do so probably won’t get you into legal trouble but there are some exceptions.

The exceptions include:

  • Rape
  • Child Abuse
  • Murder

In the case of severe crimes that the state feels you’re legally required to report, failure to do so will result in you being charged with aiding and abetting.

Who Do You Report a Crime To?

When you know about a crime and want to report it, you need to contact your local police station. You can do this in person or via a phone call. People at the police station will provide you with additional information that includes the exact officer you should speak to, what type of details they need to know, and if they’ll have follow-up questions.

In the case of extremely serious crimes, crimes that require immediate medical attention, or crimes that are in progress, you should call 911.

How to Report a Crime

The best way to report a crime is by staying calm, cool, and collected. While reporting the crime stick to just the details, and resist the urge to start sharing your opinions and thoughts about the situation. At this stage, plain facts are the only thing the police require.

Pay attention to the questions the person you’re speaking asks and answer them honestly. If you don’t know the answer, make that clear.

How Long Should You Wait to Report a Crime

The general rule of thumb is that you should report a crime as quickly as possible. Not only does this alert the authorities and allow them to take immediate and appropriate action, but it also allows you to share the details of the case while your memory is still sharp. Waiting even a few hours can drastically impact your ability to recall exactly what you saw and experienced.

Have you ever been in a position where you had to report a crime? How did you handle the situation?

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Rules to Follow When Hosting a Yard/Garage Sale

By | Bail Bonds In Visalia, Carls Bail Bonds

Yard sales and garage sales are kind of awesome. Not only do they provide you with an opportunity to clear out some of the stuff that has been cluttering up your house, but you can even make money doing so! Another perk is that they can turn into a type of community event that allows you to meet neighbors and other members of the community that you don’t usually cross paths with.

As you’re gathering up the things you plan on selling at your next yard sale, be aware that there are some rules and ordinances you have to follow before you can start making money.


If your driveway isn’t large enough to accommodate all the traffic you hope to attract during your yard sale, take a look at the street. Is street parking allowed or will you have to send people to another location to park and then have them walk back to your property? The last thing you need is for the vehicles of your yard sale customers to be towed while they’re shopping.

What Local Ordinances do You Have to Follow

Check with your local governing body and find out what specific ordinances they have in place that pertain to yard sales. Common rules include:

  • The size and location of promotional signs
  • The hours your yard/garage sale can operate
  • Which days of the week yard sales can take place
  • Locations where yard/garage sales can take place

Pay Attention to Earnings

You don’t want your yard sale to result in you getting in trouble with the IRS so you need to pay attention to your earnings. Few know that they are supposed to report the profit from any item that is sold for more than what you purchased it for.

Are you planning an upcoming yard/garage sale? How are you managing it?

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3 Common Social Media Crimes

By | Bail Bonds In Visalia, Carls Bail Bonds

Most of us love social media sites. They provide us with an easy way to stay in touch with loved ones, the ability to let people know what we’re up to and to simply check in with someone.

What many of us don’t think about is how individuals with criminal intentions can use social media against us.

If you love your social media platforms, there are some common social media crimes you should know about. Once you’re aware of these crimes and cons, you can take steps to monitor your account and protect yourself.


Hacking is a huge problem, particularly with Facebook. Every single day, there are stories about someone’s account either being hacked or someone creating a mirror account and using their newly gained access to gain access to another person’s computer files, contacts, and personal information.

In many cases, these hacking cases eventually turn into identity theft situations which is why it’s important to quickly change passwords and contact the social media platform’s administrators as soon as the hacking attempt is discovered.

Stalking and Bullying

Everything good has a downside. The praise, encouragement, and general good vibes you receive when you share the good news on social media sites are balanced by the stalking and bullying that is found all over social media. The bullying is bad. It can quickly eat at the victim’s self-confidence. There have even been cases of social media bullying leading to serious consequences.

Alongside the bullying is stalking. While this is mostly only discussed when someone is talking about a public profile, it can be a problem for anyone who uses social media sites. Not only can a stalker follow us virtually, but when we post personal information, including pictures of our homes/cars/vacation spots, we create a situation where a stalker could also start following us in real-time. This is why it’s so important to be very conscious about how much personal information you post on social media sites and to carefully go over every picture and make sure there isn’t anything a stalker could use to pinpoint your location.

Vacation Robberies

Vacation robberies have been around forever, the original Home Alone plot was based around a vacation robbery, but they used to require the thieves to pay attention to a specific neighborhood and learn the signs that someone was out of town. Today, thieves who participate in vacation robberies simply have to pay attention to social media and see who is talking about vacation while they are out of town.

The best way to avoid being a victim of a vacation robbery is to resist the urge to post vacation photos on your social media sites until you’re home. When posting, be very clear that you’re home and that your home isn’t ripe for a robbery.

What steps do you take to avoid common social media crimes?

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Unlawful Use of a Driver’s License

By | Bail Bonds In Visalia, Carls Bail Bonds

Your driver’s license may seem like a small, inexpensive laminated card that proves to the world that you’re legally allowed to operate a vehicle in California. What you might not realize is that there are ways you can use your driver’s license that violate California’s laws.

Examples of unlawfully using a driver’s license in California include:

  • Allowing someone else to use your driver’s license
  • Have a driver’s license that is canceled, expired, or revoked
  • Shows a license that belongs to someone else
  • Has a duplicate driver’s license
  • Alters a driver’s license

When you’re using a driver’s license in a way California lawmakers don’t agree with you’re violating Vehicle Code 14610 VC. While most of these examples might seem like relatively minor issues to you, if you’re caught violating Vehicle Code 14610 VC you’ll quickly learn that the small acts have big consequences.

Vehicle Code 14610 VC states:

“(a) It is unlawful for any person:
(1) To display or cause or permit to be displayed or have in his possession any canceled, revoked, suspended, fictitious, fraudulently altered, or fraudulently obtained driver’s license.
(2) To lend his driver’s license to any other person or knowingly permit the use thereof by another.
(3) To display or represent any driver’s license not issued to him as being his license.
(4) To fail or refuse to surrender to the department upon its lawful demand any driver’s license which has been suspended, revoked, or canceled.
(5) To permit any unlawful use of a driver’s license issued to him.
(6) To do any act forbidden or fail to perform any act required by this division.
(7) To photograph, photostat, duplicate, or in any way reproduce any driver’s license or facsimile thereof in such a manner that it could be mistaken for a valid license, or to display or have in his possession any such photograph, photostat, duplicate, reproduction, or facsimile unless authorized by the provisions of this code.
(8) To alter any driver’s license in any manner not authorized by this code.
(b) For purposes of this section, “driver’s license” includes a temporary permit to operate a motor vehicle.”

Don’t assume that the unlawful use of a driver’s license in California will result in a ticket and a fine. This is far more serious than that.

Unlawfully using a driver’s license in California is a misdemeanor. If you’re convicted, you’ll leave the situation with a criminal record. The maximum sentence for this type of crime is up to six months in a county jail and/or a $1,000 fine.

It’s not uncommon for a judge to look at a first-time offender’s case and sentence them to misdemeanor probation.

The best way to avoid the serious consequences of improperly using a driver’s license in California is always make sure your driver’s license is valid and that you only carry your current license with you.

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California’s Car Seat Laws

By | Bail Bonds in Tulare, Bail Bonds In Visalia, Carls Bail Bonds

Every parent who has an infant knows that they’re supposed to have a car seat installed in their vehicle. They even know that it’s state law. What some parents don’t know is how important the car seat is and the consequences of having a car seat that doesn’t meet current safety standards, that isn’t properly installed, or that isn’t properly fitted to their child.

According to Car Buyers Guide, “in a recent study, the RSA inspected 5000 child seat installations from the public and found that over 4000 of them needed adjustments of some kind to ensure optimum safety.”

California’s lawmakers used Vehicle Code 27360 VC to address the issue of car seats. The law clearly states that:

  • Children under the age of 2 must be properly restrained in a rear-facing car seat
  • Children under the age of 8 must ride in the back seat and be safely restrained in an age/size appropriate safety seat.
  • The child must be secured into the safety car seat in a manner that complies with both height and weight limits that are to be specified by the car seat manufacturer.

Common Mistakes Parents Make

According to the Mayo Clinic, the most common mistakes parents make when it comes to the car seats they’re using include:

  • Purchasing a used car seat without making sure it isn’t more than 6 years old, hasn’t been involved in an accident, hasn’t been subject to a recall, and has no indications of damage or structural problems that could endanger a child.
  • Failing to properly install the car seat
  • Failing to properly restrain the child before driving
  • Reclining the car seat so that the child isn’t at the correct and most safe angle
  • Switching their child to a forward-facing car seat before the child is ready

The first time a driver is ticketed for not following California’s car seat laws, they’ll be issued a ticket. $100 of that ticket pertains to not having the child properly restrained. Court fees and additional charges will also be added to the ticket. After that initial ticket, the fine connected to not properly restraining the child is $250.

In some cases, the ticket for not having a child properly restrained to a child seat is the least of the driver’s worries. In many situations, the driver will also face charges of negligence and child endangerment.

It doesn’t matter how big a rush you are in, always take the time to make sure your child is safe before you hit the road.





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Learning How to Be Aware of Your Surroundings

By | Carls Bail Bonds

In this day and age, you can’t afford to not be aware of your surroundings. It doesn’t matter if you’re strolling around the block near your home or walking across a busy parking lot after getting groceries, you must be aware of your surroundings.

The world has become a dangerous place. Not only do you have to worry about muggers and careless people, but horror stories about people being snatched from relatively busy places and becoming a part of human trafficking are also becoming increasingly common.

Things go wrong so fast that all it takes is one moment of inattention for you to get into trouble.

Yes, many of these crimes are completely random incidents but that doesn’t mean that victims were picked at random. What often happens is that the person who commits the crime notices someone who simply isn’t paying attention to their surroundings. The person’s lack of attention makes them the perfect victim.

What does this mean to you? It means that the better you get at recognizing your surroundings, the less likely you’ll be victimized.

Eliminate Distractions

A distracted person is far more likely to attract trouble than someone who is paying attention. The number one distraction is your cell phone. Instead of scrolling through social media or answering your emails keep your phone tucked into your pocket until you are safely indoors or locked in your car.

Conversely, if you do sense trouble. It’s not a bad idea to be talking on your phone. In a loud voice, let the person you’re speaking to know what is happening, your exact location, and a description of the person who has triggered your concern. Simply hearing you provide this information is enough to make a potential assailant dismiss you as a victim.

Be Alert

When you’re walking by yourself, be alert. Keep your head up and your eyes moving. Make sure you’re looking all around you. Keep your head on a swivel. This alertness not only makes you unattractive to an assailant but also gives you time to prepare if you do see someone approaching you.

Have an Escape Route in Mind

It doesn’t matter if you’re simply out for a stroll or in a parking lot, avoid be boxed in anywhere. Always pay attention to your surroundings and know how you would get away if someone suddenly started approaching you in a sinister manner.

Be Prepared to Get Help

There is nothing wrong or shameful about going into a store and asking someone to walk you to your car. This is a far better plan than trying to be brave and potentially getting hurt.

Learning how to pay attention and to always be aware of your surroundings takes time and practice. The good news is that once you force yourself to become more aware of your surroundings and the potential dangers, it will quickly become a habit. A habit that will go a long way towards keeping you safe.





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 Staying Safe While Enjoying Dorm Life

By | Carls Bail Bonds

One of the best things about finally going to college and moving into a dorm is that not only are you free of your parent’s strict rules but you’re also in the perfect place to meet people who will become lifelong friends.

While there are many perks connected to living in a dorm, there are also some drawbacks. The first is safety. While most colleges and universities try to take as many precautions as they can and to keep all students safe, they can’t stop everything. It’s up to you to make sure you do everything in your power to stay safe while also enjoying dorm life.

Keep Your Doors Locked

Dorms foster a community vibe that makes it feel like the entire building is your home. This is a great thing but can also be dangerous. The problem is that while you might know and like everyone who lives on your floor, you don’t know who might be visiting. No matter how comfortable you are with the people who live in your dorm building, always keep your dorm room locked both when you are and aren’t in it.

You also need to get into the habit of checking the identity of anyone who knocks before you open your door. Don’t assume that everyone who raps on your door has friendly intentions.

Lock Up Your Valuables

It’s a good idea to keep a safe in your dorm room and use it to lock up your valuables, such as your laptop when you’re not using it. Locking away your valuables makes your dorm room less appealing to thieves.

Pay Attention to Your Drinks

It doesn’t matter if you’re hanging out in your room with a handful of friends, at a party, or have gone to a restaurant, pay attention to your drinks. Never leave your drink unattended. If you do have to walk away from your drink, dispose of it and get a new one. The last thing you want is to drink something that has been drugged.

Don’t Travel By Yourself, Especially at Night

It doesn’t matter if you were at a party or simply engaged in a late-night study session at the library. Don’t walk home alone. Find someone you trust to walk with you back to your dorm. Don’t ask a stranger. If no one you know can walk home with you, spend a little money and take a cab or call an Uber.

What things do you plan to do to not only make sure you enjoy dorm life but that you also stay safe while you’re at college?

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Top Internet Scams

By | Bail Bonds in Tulare, Bail Bonds In Visalia


Shortly after the internet was created, the internet scam was born. It’s amazing the number of different ways the internet has been used to scam different people. It seems like every single year, a new scam hits the virtual world and people start falling for it. While new internet scams are interesting and you should stay on top of the newest scam trends so you can identify the early warning signs, some have withstood the test of time.

Here are the top internet scams of all time.

Email Phishing

Email phishing is a type of internet scam that’s nearly as old as email itself.

Email phishing is a type of scam that involves a con artist sending out emails that look like they come from a legit organization or person. The main purpose of these types of emails is to collect personal information, particularly credit card numbers, which the scammer then uses for their benefit.

One of the most famous email phishing scams is the pseudo-Nigerian prince who used to send out emails asking for donations.

Tech Support Scams

Tech support scams are becoming increasingly common. This type of internet scam works because we’ve grown so accustomed to using virtual tech support options. The difference is that the virtual support you’ve sought out is usually legit. The tech support scams never are.

The way tech support scams work is that someone either calls or emails you. They claim to be from a major computer system company, security company, or common tech store. They then launch into a spiel about how they believe you’re computer is infected. Not only does the malware infection negatively impact your computer’s performance, but the tech support con artist will also explain how it could compromise your identity and steal credit card information.

The problem is that your computer isn’t currently infected. The con artist plans to place some malware on it that will allow them to collect your sensitive data. They do this in a manner that’s both easy to fall for and hard to trace.

Social Media Fraud

Social media fraud is an internet scam that doesn’t get quite as much attention as it should. The idea behind social media scams s that someone will connect with you via a social media channel. They often do this by posing as your friend. They can do this because they create a mirror account that not only uses your friend’s name but also their profile picture. They will usually send a private message that starts as a friendly conversation but quickly turns into a desperate plea for money.

The two best ways to make sure you don’t fall victim to a social media scam are contacting your friend directly and asking the scammer specific questions. If they don’t provide you with the type of answer you’d expect from your friend, report the fake account.



What Is Proposition 47 In California? What Does It Mean?

By | Carls Bail Bonds

The purpose of the proposed Proposition 47 is to make some changes to felony sentencing laws.

Proposition 47 officially became law in 2014. At the time it had the distinction of being one of the biggest changes to laws to alter the ability for convicted felons to receive housing, admittance into the workforce, and other issues that had previously made it impossible for them to enjoy a quality life after they served their sentence. The way this was done was by taking non-violent felony convictions and turning them into misdemeanors. The hope was that by lowering the barriers convicted felons faced when they were released from prison, they would be better able to become a useful member of society and be less likely to return to a life of crime.

When Proposition 47 became law, it was estimated that over 1 million people living in California would be able to change their non-violent felony conviction records into more socially acceptable misdemeanors.

The three broad changes the passing of Proposition 47 triggered included.

  • Turning some nonviolent theft and drug laws from felonies into misdemeanors
  • Allowing anyone currently serving time for a felony that could now be reclassifying to petition the court for a change of sentence
  • Allowing individuals who’d completed their sentence for a felony that was now considered a misdemeanor to change their criminal history

While there was a great deal of concern about what would happen once Proposition 47 became law, the impact it has had on California has been mostly positive.

Improved Public Perception

One of the biggest positive changes it made was changing the way the rest of the country perceived California’s judicial and prison situation. When California first passed the three-strikes law, many objections were raised, and several people stated that the three-strike laws proved that there was something inherently wrong with the way California treated criminals.

The passing of Proposition 47 proved to the world that California was prepared to give people a second chance as well as an opportunity at a better life.

Less Prison Overcrowding

Overcrowding in prisons has been a huge issue for California. The sheer number of people housed in the state’s prisons is not safe. While Proposition 47 hasn’t totally reversed California’s prison overcrowding situation, it has helped.

Better Criminal Rehabilitation

One of the things California lawmakers discovered after they passed the three-strike law was that tougher sentences didn’t really encourage criminal rehabilitation. In some cases, the three-strike laws seemed to make things worse.

When Proposition 47 became law, it allowed some people to be released from prison which created some room in the budget. This extra money has been used to help finance criminal rehabilitation programs.

Schools have Benefited

In 2016 a fund connected to Proposition 47 was started that helped benefit schools throughout California. The funding came in the form of grants that were designed to help reduce the number of truancy issues the schools dealt with on a daily basis. The hope is that the extra funding will decrease the dropout rate. With more children completing high school and able to enter the workforce, hopefully, petty crime rates will decrease.

Perhaps the most encouraging thing the state of California has experienced since the passing of Proposition 47 is that there hasn’t been a noticeable increase in violent crime since 2014.


Protect Your Keyless Car from Thieves

By | Bail Bonds In Visalia, Carls Bail Bonds

Keyless cars are great, particularly when you’re trying to hang onto things like multiple bags of groceries, cranky toddlers, and hyper pets while you open your car. Rather than wrestling with a key and a tiny keyhole each time you need to unlock your car, all you have to do is push a button. Easy peasy!

There is one big problem connected to keyless cars. The way they are designed makes them really appealing to car thieves.

The good news is that there are some things you can do to decrease the odds of a car thief taking off in your vehicle.

Keep it Locked

Don’t assume that just because you hit the lock button, your keyless car is well and truly locked. Sometimes the locks don’t activate the first time you hit the button. Other times, you inadvertently bump the unlock button when you slide your keyless fob into your pocket or purse. Grab your door handle and give it a quick check before you walk away.
Most car thieves know that they are far more likely to be noticed and talked to if they try to jimmy a locked door open.

Instead, they go around looking for an unlocked car that they can quickly slide into and drive away.

Park in Busy, Well-lit Areas

Sure, parking at the back of a lot seems appealing. It’s certainly easier to get in and out of the parking spaces that are at the back of the lot. The problem is that car thieves look for isolated cars. The more isolated your car is, the more it appears to a car thief because they know its location makes it unlikely that anyone will notice as they break into and drive away. Always park your car in a well-lit and relatively busy location.

Pay Attention to Your Key Fob

The thing that makes keyless cars so vulnerable to car thieves is that the technology is available for car thieves to hack your key fob’s signal and override it. The most common indicators that this has happened to your key fob are:

  • There is a long delay between you pushing the button and your car locking
  • You hear the locks release as you walk away from your car

If you suspect our key fob has been compromised, immediately get into your car and drive to a distant location. Once you’re safe, arrange to get a new key fob.

Check and see if your key fob has an off/on option. If it does, keep it turned off whenever you’re not actually using it.
What steps have you taken to protect your keyless car from car thieves?

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Keyless cars are the most appealing to car thieves for car theft. The good news is that there are things you can do to decrease the odds of car theft.


What Is Insider Trading? When Is Insider Trading Illegal?

By | Carls Bail Bonds

Insider trading is a strange thing that many people who aren’t actively involved in stock trading and investing fail to fully understand. The average person doesn’t usually have to worry about insider trading simply because they lack the knowledge needed to benefit from it. The idea behind insider trading is that someone who has a great deal of insight into a company deliberately takes steps to alter the value of the business’s stocks specifically so they can benefit. Had the person not had special insight into the company, they would not have made the same investment choice.

One of the most common forms of insider trading involves a practice that’s called tipping. This happens when someone with inside knowledge, such as a corporate executive who knows a large merger is in the works tells a family member about the situation. This inside information, or tip, inspires the family member to invest heavily in the company. This investment is a direct violation of stock exchange laws.

A perfect example of tipping is the case of Ishan Wahi. For a time, Wahi worked for Coinbase as a product manager. During his time there, Wahi allegedly tipped his brother some information about some new cryptocurrencies. The information prompted Wahi, his brother, and a friend, to stock up on the cryptocurrencies so they could later sell them for a profit. Wahi was recently arrested for insider trading. He has been charged with wire fraud conspiracy and wire fraud.

The SEC is always on the lookout for signs of insider trading. The slightest hint that insider trading has occurred and the SEC launches an investigation. Because the SEC does most of the detective work on insider trading cases many assume that the SEC is the organization that handles the arrest and prosecution of individuals who commit insider trading but that’s not the case. While the SEC has the power to investigate an insider trading case, they lack the legal ability to make an arrest. For an arrest to occur, the SEC has to hand the results of its investigation over to the U.S. Department of Justice.

“There are two main ways to enforce insider trading laws,” Robert C. Hockett, a lawyer and law professor at Cornell University said. “Someone can decide to sue the insider and say they defrauded them and took advantage of them by selling them securities that they knew would lose value shortly after.”

Insider trading is a serious offense. It’s a federal crime. The exact sentence connected to a guilty conviction depends on how much money was involved in the situation, the exact charges that have been filed, and previous convictions. The penalties for insider trading range from fines, the loss of license, and even jail time. In some extreme situations, a person who has been convicted of insider trading could be sentenced to 20 years in federal prison.


Drunk Driving in a Borrowed Car

By | Bail Bonds In Visalia

Drunk driving is always bad, but getting caught driving while under the influence of alcohol while using a friend’s car, things become even more complicated.

If you were simply pulled over, the issues associated with the fact you were in a friend’s car may be minimal. The biggest headache is that the car will likely be impounded. Paying the fee to get it out of impound as well as any connected towing fees will be something you and your friend will have to work out amongst yourselves.

If you were in an accident, things become more complicated.

First, you will be arrested for the incident. How long that takes will depend on whether you were significantly injured. If you sustained injuries during the incident, you’ll be taken to the emergency room before the arrest. If you weren’t hurt, you’ll be taken directly to jail and charged with drunk driving and any other charges that can be connected to the incident.

One of the first things the prosecution team will want to know is whether the vehicle’s owner knew you were drunk when you borrowed their car. If they didn’t, they won’t be held legally liable for the incident. If you have a history of DUI, some lawyers might say that because they knew about your relationship with alcohol they should have realized that there was the possibility of your friend/loved one getting behind the wheel of your car after drinking you are at least partially responsible for the incident.

As for the damages to the vehicle/property/and injured people, the best course of action is to contact the insurance company right away and alert them to the entire situation. Different insurance companies have different policies for handling the claim. They will likely need information about the driver’s record/insurance/substance abuse history. You should be prepared for the insurance company to conduct a thorough investigation which will likely slow down any payments.

The impaired driver of the vehicle will be charged with a DUI. The consequences of a conviction will depend on if they were involved in an accident, have prior DUI arrests, and if they violated any other traffic and/or criminal laws during the incident.

The consequences of a first-offense DUI charge are potentially getting sentenced to up to six months in jail, a fine that ranges from $390-1,000, and the suspension of your driver’s license.


What To Know About Identity Theft In California

By | Bail Bonds in Kings County

Identity theft is a serious problem that shows no signs of going away.

The FTC reported that identity theft increased by a staggering 45% in 2020. Javelin Strategy announced that in 2021, identity theft was responsible for the loss of approximately 56 billion dollars in the United States.

With so many Californians feeling the impact of identity theft, it’s important to know exactly what steps you should take when you discover that your identity has been compromised. It’s often possible to get justice, but you have to act swiftly and go through the proper channels.

How to Know if Your Identity is Compromised

The key to recovering from identity theft is immediately recognizing that your identity has been compromised. The sooner you realize that something is wrong, the faster you can act, and the smaller the financial fallout will be.

Don’t make the mistake of assuming that as long as there aren’t any unexplained charges to your credit card or mysterious bank withdrawals your identity is secure. Good identity theft artists have some extremely subtle ways of taking your identity. If you’re not vigilant, it’s easy to miss these early warning signs.

Get into the habit of going through all of your bank and credit card statements with a fine-toothed comb. Keep all of your receipts and do line-by-line comparisons each time you get a statement. Question every single discrepancy. If possible, set up your accounts so that you get an alert each time your credit and debit cards are used. The instant alerts make it easy to know if you’re the one who used the card to purchase a pack of gum at the grocery store or if it was a purchase made by someone who was slowly starting to take over your identity.

What to do When Your Identity is Compromised

You need to act as soon as you see suspicious activity that looks like it could be identity theft. The sooner you act, the more you’ll minimize the damage.

Start by tracking all the information that makes you suspect you’ve been compromised. You’ll take this information to both your financial institutions who will make sure your accounts are protected so the thief can no longer access them.

The next step is taking your information to the local police. Insist on filing an official police report. Whether the police are able to launch an investigation will often depend on how much information you’re able to provide, how badly your identity was compromised, and a few other issues. The biggest advantage to filing the report is that it protects you from financial repercussions if you have to work with creditors and explain missing payments and unexpected charges. The other advantage to the police report is that it helps the prosecutor build a stronger case against the identity thief if they are caught.


Is Skipping School A Crime In California?

By | Carls Bail Bonds

As a parent, you constantly worry about whether you’re raising your child in a way that will enable them to be an independent, self-sufficient, responsible adult. You know that a big part of this process sometimes involves stepping back and letting them do their own things, especially once they become teenagers. It’s likely you understand that part of this means accepting that they will sometimes do things you won’t approve of, including occasionally skipping school.

The problem is that it has recently come to your attention that there are some things your teenage child can do that result in you getting in as much trouble as your child. This new knowledge has you wondering if skipping school is a crime and if it is, can the police come after you?

The way California law is currently set up, all children who are between the ages of six and eighteen are expected to attend public school, private school, or be home-schooled by their parents. Some exceptions are made for children who have severe special needs which make it impossible for them to receive an education.

The failure to attend school or regularly skipping school is a crime in California. It is also a crime that will significantly impact the parents of the truant child.

Just how many absences does it take before your child is considered a truant? Far fewer than you likely think. At this point, the way the law is written, if your child has three or more absences that exceed a period of thirty minutes, they can be considered truant. Your child will become what is considered chronically tardy if they miss five or more days of school.

The good news is that it’s unlikely the cops will knock on your door after your child has been late for school for the third time this year. Even if they skipped an entire day’s worth of school three times, it’s unlikely that you, the parent will face any consequences, though your child will likely get into trouble and have to scurry to make up for the work they missed.

If your child continues to skip school and you are unable to provide an extremely good explanation for their absences (such as severe health problems that are being treated by a doctor and make it impossible for your child to attend school) you will find yourself facing legal consequences. The law usually gets involved when your child misses about 10% of the school year.

The legal consequences parents face when their child routinely skips school are quite severe. The judge will want to take a long look at why your child is skipping school and what steps you’ve taken to discourage the practice. If the court finds that you failed to do everything in your power to encourage your child to attend school, you’ll be fined $500.

The situation goes from bad to worse if it’s determined that not only did you fail to compel your child to attend school but that you actually contributed to their delinquency. In this situation, you could be fined up to $2,000 and/or be sentenced to a full year in jail. In cases that involved children between the grades of kindergarten and eighth grade, the fine can be as large as $2,500.